Rupture sismique des fondations par perte de capacité portante: Le cas des semelles circulairesReportar como inadecuado

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1 LMS - Laboratoire de mécanique des solides 2 Géodynamique et structure

Abstract : Within the context of earthquake-resistant design of shallow foundations, the present study is concerned with the determination of the seismic bearing capacity of a circular footing resting on the surface of a heterogene-ous purely cohesive semi-infinite soil layer. In the first part of the paper, a database, containing case histories of civil engineering structures that sustained a foundation seismic bearing capacity failure, is briefly pre-sented, aiming at a better understanding of the studied phenomenon and offering a number of case studies useful for validation of theoretical computations. In the second part of the paper, the aforementioned problem is addressed using the kinematic approach of the Yield Design theory, thus establishing optimal upper bounds for the ultimate seismic loads supported by the soil-footing system. The results lead to the establishment of some very simple guidelines that extend the existing formulae for the seismic bearing capacity contained in the European norms proposed for strip footings on homogeneous soils to the case of circular footings and to that of heterogeneous cohesive soils.

Mots-clés : fondations circulaires capacité portante sismique calcul à rupture

Autor: Charisis Chatzigogos - Alain Pecker - J. Salençon -



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