Illicit Drug Use and Problem GamblingReport as inadecuate

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ISRN AddictionVolume 2013 2013, Article ID 342392, 11 pages

Review Article

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 2S1

Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 8th Floor, 250 College Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5T 1R8

Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, 246 Bloor Street West, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 1V4

Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 1W8

Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Room G1 06, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M4N 3M5

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Health Science Building, 6th Floor, 155 College Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5T 3M7

Received 7 June 2013; Accepted 18 July 2013

Academic Editors: X. Liu, S. Rahman, and Y. Ye

Copyright © 2013 Peter Ferentzy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Problem gambling, substance use disorders, and their cooccurrence are serious public health concerns. We conducted a comprehensive review of the literature to understand the present state of the evidence on these coaddictions. Our main focus was illicit drug use rather than misuse of legal substances. The review covers issues related to gambling as a hidden problem in the illicit drug use community; prevalence, problem gambling, and substance use disorders as kindred afflictions; problem gambling as an addiction similar to illicit drug use; risk factors and problems associated with comorbidity, and gender issues. We end with some suggestions for future research.

Author: Peter Ferentzy, W. J. Wayne Skinner, and Flora I. Matheson



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