Sexual Coercion and Associated Factors among Female Students of Madawalabu University, Southeast EthiopiaReport as inadecuate

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Advances in Public Health - Volume 2014 2014, Article ID 417517, 8 pages -

Research Article

Department of Nursing, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, Madawalabu University, 302 Bale Goba, Ethiopia

Department of Reproductive Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Bahir Dar University, 3008 Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Received 1 September 2014; Accepted 21 November 2014; Published 16 December 2014

Academic Editor: Ronald J. Prineas

Copyright © 2014 Abulie Takele and Tesfaye Setegn. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Violence against women, in its various forms, is an important social and public health problem in different communities around the world. Although violence against women is against the inalienable human right and resulted in physical, sexual, and psychological harm or suffering to women, little has been documented regarding its factors and distribution among youth population such as university students. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess factors associated with sexual coercion among female students at Madawalabu University. Methods. This was a cross-sectional institution based study conducted on 411 female students which were selected by systematic random sampling from the list of female students. Data were collected in April 2012 using structured-interview administered questionnaire. Descriptive, binary, and multivariable logistic regression analysis were carried out using SPSS version 16. Result. In this study, the mean ±SD age at first sex was 18.19 +1.83 years. Lifetime and coercion in last twelve months were 163 41.1% and 101 25.4%, respectively. Twenty-one 5.9% of the respondents were raped. Being influenced-forced into unwanted sexual act 74 18.6% and having their genitalia-breast unwillingly touched 44 11.1% were reported as the commonest mechanisms of coercion. Age at first sex 17–19 years AOR = 0.241, 95% CI: 0.074, 0.765 and occasional alcohol use AOR = 4.161, 95% CI: 1.386, 12.658 were significantly associated with coercion in the last twelve months. Conclusion. The overall lifetime sexual coercion was found to be 41.1%. In this study 6.8% of female students were raped and majority have had trial of rape. But 93.75% did not report to any legal body. With the existing prevalence and identified factors, the university should work towards minimizing the risk of sexual coercion through intensifying life skill peer education and assertiveness trainings.

Author: Abulie Takele and Tesfaye Setegn



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