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* Corresponding author 1 Equipe 5 : imagerie et ultrasons Imagerie et cerveau

Abstract : Introduction: Since the introduction of ultrasound US contrast imaging, the imaging systems use a fixed emitting frequency. However it is known that the insonified medium is time-varying and therefore an adapted time-varying excitation is expected. We suggest an adaptive imaging technique which selects the optimal transmit frequency that maximizes the acoustic contrast. Two algorithms have been proposed to find an US excitation for which the frequency was optimal with microbubbles. Methods and Materials: Simulations were carried out for encapsulated microbubbles of 2 microns by considering the modified Rayleigh-Plesset equation for 2 MHz transmit fre-quency and for various pressure levels 20 kPa up to 420kPa. In vitro experiments were carried out using a transducer oper-ating at 2 MHz and using a programmable waveform genera-tor. Contrast agent was then injected into a small container filled with water. Results and discussions: We show through simulations and in vitro experiments that our adaptive imaging technique gives: 1 in case of simulations, a gain of acoustic contrast which can reach 9 dB compared to the traditional technique without optimization and 2 for in vitro experiments, a gain which can reach 18 dB. There is a non negligible discrepancy between simulations and experiments. These differences are certainly due to the fact that our simulations do not take into account the diffraction and nonlinear propagation effects. Further optimizations are underway.

Keywords : Adaptive imaging contrast agent optimization

Autor: Sébastien Ménigot - Anthony Novell - Iulian Voicu - Ayache Bouakaz - Jean-Marc Girault -



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