Task shifting of triage to peer expert informal care providers at a tertiary referral HIV clinic in Malawi: a cross-sectional operational evaluationReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Health Services Research

, 17:341

Health systems and services in low and middle income settings

Abstract

BackgroundHIV treatment models in Africa are labour intensive and require a high number of skilled staff. In this context, task-shifting is considered a feasible alternative for ART service delivery. In 2006, a lay health cadre of expert patients EPs at a tertiary referral HIV clinic in Zomba, Malawi was capacitated. There are few evaluations of EP program efficacy in this setting. Triage is the process of prioritizing patients in terms of the severity of their condition and ensures that no harmful delays occur to treatment and care. This study evaluates the safety of task-shifting triage, in an ambulatory low resource setting, to EPs.

MethodsAs a quality improvement exercise in April 2010, formal triage training was conducted by adapting the World Health Organization Emergency Triage Assessment and Treatment Triage Module Guidelines. A cross sectional observation study was conducted 2 years after the intervention. Triage assessments performed by EPs were repeated by a clinical officer gold standard to assess sensitivities, specificities, positive and negative predictive values for EP triage scores. Proportions were calculated for categories of disposition by stratifying by EP and clinician triage scores.

ResultsA total of 467 patients were triaged by 7 EPs and re-triaged by clinical officers. With combined triage scores for emergency and priority patients we report a sensitivity of 85% and specificity of 74% for the EP scoring, with a low positive predictive value 41% and a high negative predictive value 96%. We calculate a serious miss rate of EP scoring i.e. missed priority or emergency patients as 2.2%. Admission rates to hospital were highest among those patients triaged as emergency cases either by the EP’s 21% or the clinicians 83%. Fewer patients triaged as priority by either EPs 5% or clinicians 15% were admitted to hospital, however these patients had the highest prevalence of same day lab testing and-or specialty referral.

ConclusionsOur study provides reassurance that in the context of adequate training and ongoing supervision, task-shifting triage to lay health care workers does not necessarily lead to less accurate triaging. EPs have a tendency to be more conservative in over-triaging patients.

KeywordsTask-shifting Expert patients Lay health workers HIV Malawi Triage AbbreviationsARTAntiretroviral therapy

EPExpert patient

EPsExpert patients

ETATEmergency Triage Assessment and Treatment

HIVHuman Immunodeficiency Virus

HRHHuman resources for health

ITATInpatient monitoring and triage tool

LICsLow income countries

MOHMinistry of Health

NGONon-governmental organization

NPVNegative predictive value

PLHIVPeople living with human immunodeficiency virus

PPVPositive predictive value

WHOWorld Health Organization

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12913-017-2291-3 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.





Autor: Megan Landes - Courtney Thompson - Edson Mwinjiwa - Edith Thaulo - Chrissie Gondwe - Harriet Akello - Adrienne K. Chan

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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