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Nano Convergence

, 4:12

First Online: 10 May 2017Received: 04 March 2017Accepted: 17 April 2017DOI: 10.1186-s40580-017-0106-1

Cite this article as: Tharmavaram, M., Rawtani, D. & Pandey, G. Nano Convergence 2017 4: 12. doi:10.1186-s40580-017-0106-1

Abstract

Nanotechnology is the field which deals with fabrication of materials with dimensions in the nanometer range by manipulating atoms and molecules. Various synthesis routes exist for the one, two and three dimensional nanostructures. Recent advancements in nanotechnology have enabled the usage of block copolymers for the synthesis of such nanostructures. Block copolymers are versatile polymers with unique properties and come in many types and shapes. Their properties are highly dependent on the blocks of the copolymers, thus allowing easy tunability of its properties. This review briefly focusses on the use of block copolymers for synthesizing one-dimensional nanostructures especially nanowires, nanorods, nanoribbons and nanofibers. Template based, lithographic, and solution based approaches are common approaches in the synthesis of nanowires, nanorods, nanoribbons, and nanofibers. Synthesis of metal, metal oxides, metal oxalates, polymer, and graphene one dimensional nanostructures using block copolymers have been discussed as well.

KeywordsBlock copolymer Nanowire Nanorod Nanofiber Nanotechnology 



Autor: Maithri Tharmavaram - Deepak Rawtani - Gaurav Pandey

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/



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