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BioMed Research International - Volume 2015 2015, Article ID 387090, 13 pages -

Research Article

Department of Physiology and Functional Genomics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA

Center for Genetic Medicine Research, Children’s National Health System, Northwest, Washington, DC 20010, USA

Department of Integrative Systems Biology, George Washington University, Northwest, Washington, DC 20010, USA

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA

Received 11 February 2015; Accepted 19 May 2015

Academic Editor: Christian Guelly

Copyright © 2015 Celine Baligand et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The genetic and molecular events associated with changes in muscle mass andfunction after SCI and after the implementation of candidate therapeuticapproaches are still not completely known. The overall objective of this study wasto identify key molecular pathways activated with muscle remodeling after SCIand locomotor training. We implemented treadmill training in a well-characterizedrat model of moderate SCI and performed genome wide expression profiling onsoleus muscles at multiple time points: 3, 8, and 14 days after SCI. We found that theactivity of the protein ubiquitination and mitochondrial function related pathwayswas altered with SCI and corrected with treadmill training. The BMP pathway wasdifferentially activated with early treadmill training as shown by IngenuityPathway Analysis. The expression of several muscle mass regulators wasmodulated by treadmill training, including Fst, Jun, Bmpr2, Actr2b, and Smad3. Inaddition, key players in fatty acids metabolism Lpl and Fabp3 responded toboth SCI induced inactivity and reloading with training. The decrease in Smad3 and Fst early after the initiation of treadmill training was confirmed by RT-PCR. Our data suggest that TGFβ-Smad3 signaling may be mainly involved in the decrease in muscle mass observed with SCI, while the BMP pathway was activated with treadmill training.





Autor: Celine Baligand, Yi-Wen Chen, Fan Ye, Sachchida Nand Pandey, San-Huei Lai, Min Liu, and Krista Vandenborne

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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