Dietary Intake according to Gender and Education: A Twenty-Year Trend in a Swiss Adult PopulationReportar como inadecuado

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Journal Title:



Volume 7, Number 11


MDPI | 2015-11-01, Pages 9558-9572

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract: We assessed trends in dietary intake according to gender and education using repeated cross-sectional, population-based surveys conducted between 1993 and 2012 in Geneva, Switzerland 17,263 participants, 52.0 ± 10.6 years, 48% male. In 1993-1999, higher educated men had higher monounsaturated fatty acids MUFA, carotene and vitamin D intakes than lower educated men, and the differences decreased in 2006-2012. In 1993-1999, higher educated women had higher fiber, iron, carotene, vitamin D and alcohol intakes than lower educated women, and the differences decreased in 2006-2012. Total energy, polyunsaturated fatty acids, retinol and alcohol intakes decreased, while mono-disaccharides, MUFA and carotene intake increased in both genders. Lower educated men had stronger decreases in saturated fatty acid SFA and calcium intakes than higher educated men: multivariate-adjusted slope and 95% confidence interval -0.11 -0.15; -0.06 vs. -0.03 -0.08; 0.02 g-day-year for SFA and -5.2 -7.8; -2.7 vs. -1.03 -3.8; 1.8 mg-day-year for calcium, p for interaction <0.05. Higher educated women had a greater decrease in iron intake than lower educated women: -0.03 -0.04; -0.02 vs. -0.01 -0.02; 0.00 mg-day-year, p for interaction = 0.002. We conclude that, in Switzerland, dietary intake evolved similarly between 1993 and 2012 in both educational groups. Educational differences present in 1993 persisted in 2012.

Subjects: Health Sciences, Nutrition - Health Sciences, Epidemiology - Health Sciences, Public Health - Research Funding: The -Bus Santé- study is funded by the University Hospitals of Geneva and the General Directorate of Health, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland.

Eirini Rousi was supported by a PhD grant ref. 406940 145187 of the Swiss National Science Foundation SNSF.

Silvia Stringhini is supported by an Ambizione Grant no. PZ00P3 147998 from the Swiss National Science Foundation SNSF.

Keywords: Science and Technology - Life Sciences and Biomedicine - Nutrition and Dietetics - nutrients - trends - epidemiology - public health - adult - educational level - gender - population-based study - Switzerland - SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION - ALCOHOL-CONSUMPTION - SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS - FOOD AVAILABILITY - PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY - UNITED-STATES - RISK-FACTORS - DISEASE - QUALITY - COUNTRIES -

Autor: Pedro Marques-Vidal, Eirini Rousi, Fred Paccaud, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Jean-Marc Theler, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini, Idris



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