Rates and Determinants of Return to Play after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Division 1 College Football Athletes: A Study of the ACC, SEC, and PAC-12Report as inadecuate

Rates and Determinants of Return to Play after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Division 1 College Football Athletes: A Study of the ACC, SEC, and PAC-12 - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Journal Title:

Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine


Volume 2, Number 1 Suppl


SAGE Publications UK and US: Creative Commons Attribution | 2014-12-02

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract: Background: For competitive athletes, return to play RTP and return to preinjury levels of performance after anterior cruciate ligament ACL reconstruction are the main goals of surgery. Although outcomes of ACL surgery are well studied, details on factors influencing RTP in elite college football players have not been evaluated thoroughly.Purpose: To determine the rate of RTP following ACL surgery among National Collegiate Athletic Association NCAA Division 1 collegiate football athletes and to examine variables that may affect these rates. The hypothesis was that the RTP rate in this cohort will be influenced by factors reflecting skill and accomplishment; that is, athletes higher on the depth chart, those on scholarship, and those later in their careers will have higher RTP rates. It was also predicted that graft type and concomitant procedures may have an effect on RTP rates.Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.Methods: Using athlete- and surgery-specific data from participating institutions in 3 major Division 1 college football conferences, information on athletes who had ACL reconstruction from 2004 through 2010 was collected. Statistical analyses were performed to determine the RTP rate as a function of the variables, such as depth chart position, in the data collected.Results: Of the 184-player cohort, 82% of the athletes, including 94% of starters, were able to RTP. Rates were greater among athletes higher on the depth chart P = .004 and on scholarship P = .008. Year of eligibility also affected RTP rates P = .047, which increased from the redshirt and freshman year to the sophomore and junior years, but then decreased slightly into the senior and fifth-year senior seasons. The use of an autograft versus allograft was associated with increased RTP P = .045. There was no significant difference P = .18 between players who underwent an isolated ACL reconstruction versus those who underwent additional procedures.Conclusion: More than 80% of football players at the Division 1 level were able to RTP following ACL reconstruction. Factors representative of a player’s skill were associated with higher rates of RTP. Surgery-specific variables, in general, had no effect on RTP, except for the use of autograft, which was associated with a greater RTP rate.

Subjects: Health Sciences, Medicine and Surgery - Health Sciences, Recreation - Keywords: return to play - ACL - reconstruction - college athletes - football -

Author: Jimmy H. Daruwalla, Patrick E. Greis, Robert Hancock, ASP Collaborative Group John Xerogeanes,

Source: https://open.library.emory.edu/


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