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Associations between noncommunicable disease risk factors, race, education, and health insurance status among women of reproductive age in Brazil - 2011 - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Journal Title:

Preventive Medicine Reports

Volume:

Volume 3

Publisher:

Elsevier | 2016-04-07, Pages 333-337

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract: Background: Noncommunicable disease NCD risk factors increase the risk of adverse reproductive health outcomes and are becoming increasingly common in Brazil. Methods: We analyzed VIGITEL 2011 telephone survey data for 13,745 Brazilian women aged 18-44 years in a probabilistic sample from 26 Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District. We examined associations between NCD risk factors fruit and vegetable intake, leisure time physical activity, alcohol consumption, smoking status, BMI and hypertension status and race, education, and insurance using chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression models, estimating the average marginal effects to produce adjusted relative risk ratios aRRs. Analyses were conducted using SAS 9.3 survey procedures and weighted to reflect population estimates. Results: Women with less than a college education were more likely to report physical inactivity adjusted relative risk aRR and 95% confidence interval = 1.1 1.1-1.2, smoking aRR = 1.7 1.3-2.2, and self-reported diagnoses of hypertension aRR = 2.0 1.6-2.5 compared to women with a college education or greater. Similarly, women without health insurance were more likely to report physical inactivity aRR = 1.1 1.1-1.2, smoking aRR = 1.4 1.1-1.8, and self-reported diagnoses of hypertension aRR = 1.4 1.1-1.7 compared to women with health insurance. Less variation was found by race and NCD risk factors. Conclusion: Targeted public health strategies and policies are needed to increase healthcare access and decrease educational and racial disparities in NCD risk factors among women of reproductive age in Brazil.

Subjects: Health Sciences, Public Health - Health Sciences, Education - Research Funding: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Keywords: Chronic disease - Education - Health - Insurance - Reproductive health - Risk factors - Women -



Autor: Jonetta Johnson Mpofu, Lenildo de Moura de Moura, Sherry L. Farr, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Betine Moehlecke Iser, Regina Tomie Iva

Fuente: https://open.library.emory.edu/



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