Variability in CitXET expression and XET activity in Citrus cultivar Huangguogan seedlings with differed degrees of etiolationReportar como inadecuado

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Considering the known effects of xyloglucan endotransglycosylase XET on plant growth and development, we aimed to determine whether XETs help to regulate the growth and elongation of Huangguogan shoots and roots. We confirmed a possible role for XET during seedling etiolation. Our results revealed that the roots of etiolated seedlings H-E were longer than those of green seedlings H-G. However, shoot length exhibited the opposite pattern. We also observed positive and negative effects on the xyloglucan-degrading activity of XET in the root sub-apical region and shoots of etiolated Huangguogan seedling, respectively. There was a significant down-regulation in CitXET expression in the etiolated shoots at 15 days after seed germination. On the contrary, it was significantly increased in the root sub-apical region of etiolated and multicolored seedlings at 15 days after seed germination. The XET coding sequence i.e., CitXET was cloned from Huangguogan seedlings using gene-specific primers. The encoded amino acid sequence was predicted by using bioinformatics-based methods. The 990-bp CitXET gene was highly homologous to other XET genes. The CitXET protein was predicted to contain 319 amino acids, with a molecular mass of 37.45 kDa and an isoelectric point of 9.05. The predicted molecular formula was C1724H2548N448O466S14, and the resulting protein included only one transmembrane structure. The CitXET secondary structure consisted of four main structures i.e., 21% α-helix, 30.72% extended strand, 9.09% β-turn, and 39.18% random coil. Analyses involving the NCBI Conserved Domains Database NCBI-CDD, InterPro, and ScanProsite revealed that CitXET was a member of the glycosyl hydrolase family 16 GH16, and included the DEIDFEFLG motif. Our results indicate that the differed degrees of etiolation influenced the CitXET expression pattern and XET activity in Huangguogan seedlings. The differential changes in XET activity and CitXET expression levels in Huangguogan seedlings may influence the regulation of root and shoot development, and may be important for seedling etiolation.

Autor: Bo Xiong, Xianjie Gu, Xia Qiu, Zhixiang Dong, Shuang Ye, Guochao Sun, Shengjia Huang, Xinya Liu, Lijuan Xi, Zhihui Wang



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