Senior citizens as rescuers: Is reduced knowledge the reason for omitted lay-resuscitation-attempts Results from a representative survey with 2004 interviewsReportar como inadecuado




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Objective

Resuscitation CPR provided by a bystander prior to the arrival of the emergency services is a beneficial factor for surviving a cardiac arrest CA. Our registry-based data show, that older patients receive bystander-CPR less frequently. Little is known on possible reasons for this finding. We sought to investigate the hypothesis that awareness of CPR measures is lower in older laypersons being a possible reason for less CPR-attempts in senior citizens.

Methods

1206 datasets on bystander resuscitations actually carried out were analyzed for age-dependent differences. Subsequently, we investigated whether the knowledge required carrying out bystander-CPR and the self-confidence to do so differ between younger and older citizens using computer-assisted telephone interviewing. 2004 interviews were performed and statistically analyzed.

Results

A lower level of knowledge to carry out bystander-CPR was seen in older individuals. For example, 82.4% of interviewees under 65 years of age, knew the correct emergency number. In this group, 66.6% named CPR as the relevant procedure in CA. Among older individuals these responses were only given by 75.1% and 49.5% V = 0.082; P < 0.001 and V = 0.0157; P < 0.001. Additionally, a difference concerning participants’ confidence in their own abilities was detectable. 58.0% of the persons younger than 65 years were confident that they would detect a CA in comparison to 44.6% of the participants older than 65 years V = 0.120; P < 0.001. Similarly, 62.7% of the interviewees younger than 65 were certain to know what to do during CPR compared to 51.3% of the other group V = 0.103; P < 0.001.

Conclusions

Lower levels of older bystanders- knowledge and self-confidence might provide an explanation for why older patients receive bystander-CPR less frequently. Further investigation is necessary to identify causal connections and optimum ways to empower bystander resuscitation.



Autor: Peter Brinkrolf , Andreas Bohn , Roman-Patrik Lukas, Marko Heyse, Thomas Dierschke, Hugo Karel Van Aken, Klaus Hahnenkamp

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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