In silico discovery of substituted pyrido2,3-dpyrimidines and pentamidine-like compounds with biological activity in myotonic dystrophy modelsReportar como inadecuado




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Myotonic dystrophy type 1 DM1 is a rare multisystemic disorder associated with an expansion of CUG repeats in mutant DMPK dystrophia myotonica protein kinase transcripts; the main effect of these expansions is the induction of pre-mRNA splicing defects by sequestering muscleblind-like family proteins e.g. MBNL1. Disruption of the CUG repeats and the MBNL1 protein complex has been established as the best therapeutic approach for DM1, hence two main strategies have been proposed: targeted degradation of mutant DMPK transcripts and the development of CUG-binding molecules that prevent MBNL1 sequestration. Herein, suitable CUG-binding small molecules were selected using in silico approaches such as scaffold analysis, similarity searching, and druggability analysis. We used polarization assays to confirm the CUG repeat binding in vitro for a number of candidate compounds, and went on to evaluate the biological activity of the two with the strongest affinity for CUG repeats which we refer to as compounds 1–2 and 2–5 in DM1 mutant cells and Drosophila DM1 models with an impaired locomotion phenotype. In particular, 1–2 and 2–5 enhanced the levels of free MBNL1 in patient-derived myoblasts in vitro and greatly improved DM1 fly locomotion in climbing assays. This work provides new computational approaches for rational large-scale virtual screens of molecules that selectively recognize CUG structures. Moreover, it contributes valuable knowledge regarding two compounds with desirable biological activity in DM1 models.



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