Community pharmacists’ interest in and attitude to pharmacy practice research in Ethiopia: A cross-sectional studyReportar como inadecuado

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Pharmacy practice-research became an important component in the pharmacy practice. However, limited studies were conducted in sub-Saharan Africa to understand the pharmacists’ interest and attitude towards pharmacy practice-research. We aimed to assess the community pharmacists’ interest and attitude towards pharmacy practice-research in Ethiopia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among community pharmacists in eight major cities in Ethiopia. A validated 25-item self-administered questionnaire covering interest and attitude related to pharmacy practice-research was distributed. Responses were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. A total of 389 community pharmacists responded to the survey response rate- 88.4%. Most of community pharmacists showed a high level of interest and positive attitude in being involved in all aspects of pharmacy practice-research. The median summary score for interest and attitude were 38 IQR 20–40 range possible 10–50 and 30 IQR 18–39, respectively. Sixty-seven percent of the respondents thought about being involved in research, felt research is important for their career 57.6%, confident to conduct the research 56.2%, and agreed that research is a part of pharmacy practice 48.5%. However, only forty-six percent agreed that they underwent research training. A multivariate analysis showed that females were more interested in pharmacy practice research than males AOR: 1.50, 95% CI: 0.99–2.27; p<0.05. Community pharmacists showed high interest towards several areas of research competencies and demonstrated positive attitude towards pharmacy practice-research. Our findings suggest that providing research training to community pharmacists may contribute in undertaking research activities and build the research capacity in Ethiopia.

Autor: Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula , Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes , Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie , Daniel Asfaw Erku , Chernet Tafer



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