Natural antibody responses to the capsid protein in sera of Dengue infected patients from Sri LankaReportar como inadecuado




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This study aims to characterize the antigenicity of the Capsid C protein and the human antibody responses to C protein from the four dengue virus DENV serotypes. Parker hydrophilicity prediction, Emini surface accessibility prediction and Karplus and Schulz flexibility predictions were used to bioinformatically characterize antigenicity. The human antibody response to C protein was assessed by ELISA using immune sera and an array of overlapping DENV2 C peptides. DENV2 C protein peptides P1 located on C protein at 2–18 a.a, P11 79–95 a.a and P12 86–101 a.a were recognized by most individuals exposed to infections with only one of the 4 DENV serotypes as well as people exposed to infections with two serotypes. These conserved peptide epitopes are located on the amino 1–40 a.a and carboxy 70–100 a.a terminal regions of C protein, which were predicted to be antigenic using different bioinformatic tools. DENV2 C peptide P6 39–56 a.a was recognized by all individuals exposed to DENV2 infections, some individuals exposed to DENV4 infections and none of the individuals exposed to DENV1 or 3 infections. Thus, unlike C peptides P1, P11 and P12, which contain epitopes, recognized by DENV serotype cross-reactive antibodies, DENV2 peptide P6 contains an epitope that is preferentially recognized by antibodies in people exposed to this serotype compared to other serotypes. We discuss our results in the context of the known structure of C protein and recent work on the human B-cell response to DENV infection.



Autor: Mahesha N. Nadugala, Chandima Jeewandara, Gathsaurie N. Malavige, Prasad H. Premaratne , Charitha L. Goonasekara

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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