The feasibility of endoscopy-CT image registration in the head and neck without prospective endoscope trackingReport as inadecuate




The feasibility of endoscopy-CT image registration in the head and neck without prospective endoscope tracking - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Purpose

Endoscopic examinations are frequently-used procedures for patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy, but radiation treatment plans are created on computed tomography CT scans. Image registration between endoscopic video and CT could be used to improve treatment planning and analysis of radiation-related normal tissue toxicity. The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility of endoscopy-CT image registration without prospective physical tracking of the endoscope during the examination.

Methods

A novel registration technique called Location Search was developed. This technique uses physical constraints on the endoscope’s view direction to search for the virtual endoscope coordinates that maximize the similarity between the endoscopic video frame and the virtual endoscopic image. Its performance was tested on phantom and patient images and compared to an established registration technique, Frame-To-Frame Tracking.

Results

In phantoms, Location Search had average registration errors of 0.55 ± 0.60 cm for point measurements and 0.29 ± 0.15 cm for object surface measurements. Frame-To-Frame Tracking achieved similar results on some frames, but it failed on others due to the virtual endoscope becoming lost. This weakness was more pronounced in patients, where Frame-To-Frame tracking could not make it through the nasal cavity. On successful patient video frames, Location Search was able to find endoscope positions with an average distance of 0.98 ± 0.53 cm away from the ground truth positions. However, it failed on many frames due to false similarity matches caused by anatomical structural differences between the endoscopic video and the virtual endoscopic images.

Conclusions

Endoscopy-CT image registration without prospective physical tracking of the endoscope is possible, but more development is required to achieve an accuracy suitable for clinical translation.



Author: W. Scott Ingram , Jinzhong Yang, Beth M. Beadle, Richard Wendt III, Arvind Rao, Xin A. Wang, Laurence E. Court

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents