The clinical efficacy and safety evaluation of ticagrelor for acute coronary syndrome in general ACS patients and diabetic patients: A systematic review and meta-analysisReport as inadecuate




The clinical efficacy and safety evaluation of ticagrelor for acute coronary syndrome in general ACS patients and diabetic patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Objective

In this study, a systematic evaluation was conducted to estimate the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor for treating acute coronary syndrome ACS in general ACS patients and a diabetes mellitus DM group.

Methods

A search of PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, CNKI databases was conducted to analyze relevant randomized controlled trails RCTs of ticagrelor treating ACS during 2007 to 2015. Article screening, quality accessing and data extracting was independently undertaken by two reviewers. A meta-analysis was performed to clarify the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor in general ACS patients, and a meta-regression analysis was taken to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor in DM patients compared with general ACS patients.

Result

Twenty-two studies with 35004 participants were included. The meta-analysis result implicated that ticagrelor could: 1 reduce the incidence of the composite endpoint OR = 0.83, 95%CI 0.77, 0.90, P<0.00001 and the incidence of myocardial infarction OR = 0.81, 95%CI 0.74, 0.89, P = 0.0001; 2 not statistically reduce the incidence of cardiovascular death, the incidence of stroke and the incidence of bleeding events; 3 increase the incidence of dyspnea OR = 1.90, 95%CI 1.73, 2.08, P<0.00001 compared with clopidogrel. Meanwhile, compared with prasugrel, ticagrelor could 1 reduce the platelet reactivity of patients at maintenance dose MD = -44.59, 95%CI -59.16 -30.02, P<0.00001; 2 not statistically reduce the incidence of cardiovascular death, the platelet reactivity of patients 6 hours or 8 hours after administration, or the incidence of bleeding events; 3 induce the incidence of dyspnea OR = 13.99, 95%CI 2.58, 75.92, P = 0.002. Furthermore, the result of meta-regression analysis implicated that there was a positive correlation between DM patients and the platelet reactivity of patients 6 hours and 8 hours after administration, but there was no obvious correlation between DM patients and general ACS patients in other endpoints.

Conclusion

Ticagrelor could reduce the incidence of composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction and stroke as well as platelet reactivity in DM patients with ACS, while not increasing the risk of bleeding. Because there are differences in platelet reactivity between DM patients and general ACS patients, we suggest that caution is needed when using ticagrelor in clinical applications.



Author: Qiutong Tan , Xin Jiang , Sichao Huang, Tiantian Zhang, Lin Chen, Siwen Xie, Enpan Mo, Jun Xu , Shaohui Cai

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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