Conditional removal of the canonical TGF-β1 signaling delays condylar cartilage degeneration induced by a partial discectomy in miceReport as inadecuate




Conditional removal of the canonical TGF-β1 signaling delays condylar cartilage degeneration induced by a partial discectomy in mice - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Recent emerging data indicate that the increase in the expression and activity of the transforming growth factor beta 1 Tgf-β1 signaling may have detrimental effect to mature articular cartilage of knee joints. However, there is no information about whether or not this is the case in condylar cartilages. The objective of this study is to investigate the protein expression and activity of Tgf-β1 signaling in degenerative condylar cartilages. We also investigate biological effects of the conditional deletion of transforming growth factor receptor type II Tgfbr2 in condylar cartilage of adult mice after a partial discectomy. Two mouse models of osteoarthritis OA were used to examine protein expressions of Tgf-β1 and p-Smad2-3 in condylar cartilages at early degenerative stages. In addition, cartilage specific Tgfbr2-deficient adult mice were subjected to a partial discectomy. The morphological condition of condylar cartilages was evaluated in mice at 4 and 12 weeks after the surgery. We found that protein levels of Tgf-β1 and p-Smad2-3 were increased in the degenerative condylar cartilage of the mouse models. The conditional removal of Tgfbr2 in mature condylar cartilage significantly delayed the progressive progression of the cartilage degeneration induced by a partial discectomy. We conclude that the increase in the expression and activity of Tgf-β1 signaling may have detrimental effect to mature condylar cartilages. Therefore, inhibition of Tgf-β1 signaling may be able to protect condylar cartilages from being degraded in mature temporomandibular joints.



Author: Jie Fang, Li Xiao, Rebecca Chen, Zhihe Zhao

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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