Survey of health literacy level and related influencing factors in military college students in Chongqing, China: A cross-sectional analysisReport as inadecuate




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Health literacy HL has become an important public health issue and is receiving growing attention. However, the HL levels of military college students in China have never been analyzed. This study aimed to investigate the HL and related associate factors in military college students in Chongqing, China. Data was obtained with the -Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire 2012 edition- from 3183 military college students aged 16–28 years at Chongqing in December 2015. A total score of ≥80 points determined adequate HL, and HL level was defined as the proportion of students who had adequate HL out of the total number of participants. Multiple logistic regression analysis with a stepwise forward likelihood ratio LR method was used to determine the effects of sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and family-related factors on HL level. The mean score of HL was 68.56, and the HL level of military college students was 21.05%; the overall knowledge rate was 71.33%. The independent factors that were associated with HL level were years in college, educational system, time playing online games, annual household income and father-s education level. Senior odds ratio OR = 1.229, 95% confidence interval CI 1.018∼1.484, undergraduate OR = 1.509, 95% CI 1.151∼1.978, time played games more than 5 hours each week OR = 0.638, 95% CI 0.486∼0.837, annual household incomes more than 50,000 yuan OR = 1.231, 95% CI 1.027∼1.476 and father-s education level high school: OR = 2.327, 95% CI 1.186∼4.565; university: OR = 2.450, 95% CI 1.244∼4.825, were independently associated with higher HL level. HL levels of military college students in Chongqing need to be improved across the board. Our data suggests that special emphasis should be placed on students in junior and those in the specialist educational system. School departments may also benefit from incorporating health literacy into their curricula and helping students manage the time they spend playing online games.



Author: Honghui Rong, Xin Cheng, Jose M. Garcia, Ling Zhang, Lu Lu, Jian Fang, Mingshan Le, Peng Hu, Xinlu Dong, Junli Yang, Ya Wang, Tin

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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