Brain activation of semantic category-based grouping in multiple identity tracking taskReport as inadecuate

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Using Multiple Identity Tracking task and the functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI technology, the present study aimed to isolate and visualize the functional anatomy of neural systems involved in the semantic category-based grouping process. Three experiment conditions were selected and compared: the category-based targets grouping TG condition, the targets-distractors grouping TDG condition and the homogenous condition. In the TG condition, observers could utilize the categorical distinction between targets and distractors, to construct a uniform presentation of targets, that is, to form a group of the targets to facilitate tracking. In the TDG condition, half the targets and half the distractors belonged to the same category. Observers had to inhibit the grouping of targets and distractors in one category to complete tracking. In the homogenous condition, where targets and distractors consisted of the same objects, no grouping could be formed. The -TG-Homogenous- contrast p<0.01 revealed the activation of the left fusiform and the pars triangularis of inferior frontal gyrus IFG. The -TG-TDG- contrast only revealed the activation of the left anterior cingulate gyrus ACC. The fusiform and IFG pars triangularis might participate in the representation of semantic knowledge, IFG pars triangularis might relate intensely with the classification of semantic categories. The ACC might be responsible for the initiation and maintenance of grouping representation.

Author: Liuqing Wei, Xuemin Zhang , Chuang Lyu, Siyuan Hu, Zhen Li



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