Association between features of patient-provider discussions and routine prostate-specific antigen testingReport as inadecuate

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Although the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends against routine prostate cancer screening with prostate-specific antigen PSA testing, specialty organizations support screening via shared decision making between providers and selected patients. While discussions about advantages and disadvantages of testing are a feature of patient-centered care, it is unclear how provider recommendations and the presence of a personal doctor influence testing in the presence of such discussions.

Materials and methods

We used the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to identify 1,737 male respondents surveyed about their PSA testing decisions. We describe the prevalence of provider recommendations and utilize weighted multivariable logistic regression models to examine the impact of provider recommendations and presence of a personal doctor on routine testing while accounting for patient-provider discussions about advantages and disadvantages.


The majority 70.4% of respondents reported some form of discussion with providers about testing and most underwent screening in accordance with provider recommendations. In multivariable analyses, men whose providers had never recommended PSA test were less likely to receive screening OR 0.03, 95% CI 0.02–0.05, and patients who did not identify a personal doctor in their care were less likely to undergo testing OR 0.12, 95% CI 0.04–0.32.


Provider recommendations and having a personal doctor are associated with routine PSA testing. These findings suggest that providers and policymakers should be aware of how the content and context of communication with patients, beyond discussions of risks and benefits, can influence routine PSA testing behaviors.

Author: Joshua M. Liao , Mark J. Ommerborn, Cheryl R. Clark



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