The change of longitudinal relaxation rate in oxygen enhanced pulmonary MRI depends on age and BMI but not diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide in healthy never-smokersReport as inadecuate




The change of longitudinal relaxation rate in oxygen enhanced pulmonary MRI depends on age and BMI but not diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide in healthy never-smokers - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Objective

Oxygen enhanced pulmonary MRI is a promising modality for functional lung studies and has been applied to a wide range of pulmonary conditions. The purpose of this study was to characterize the oxygen enhancement effect in the lungs of healthy, never-smokers, in light of a previously established relationship between oxygen enhancement and diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide in the lung DL,CO in patients with lung disease.

Methods

In 30 healthy never-smoking volunteers, an inversion recovery with gradient echo read-out Snapshot-FLASH was used to quantify the difference in longitudinal relaxation rate, while breathing air and 100% oxygen, ΔR1, at 1.5 Tesla. Measurements were performed under multiple tidal inspiration breath-holds.

Results

In single parameter linear models, ΔR1 exhibit a significant correlation with age p = 0.003 and BMI p = 0.0004, but not DL,CO p = 0.33. Stepwise linear regression of ΔR1 yields an optimized model including an age-BMI interaction term.

Conclusion

In this healthy, never-smoking cohort, age and BMI are both predictors of the change in MRI longitudinal relaxation rate when breathing oxygen. However, DL,CO does not show a significant correlation with the oxygen enhancement. This is possibly because oxygen transfer in the lung is not diffusion limited at rest in healthy individuals. This work stresses the importance of using a physiological model to understand results from oxygen enhanced MRI.



Author: Simon Sven Ivan Kindvall , Sandra Diaz, Jonas Svensson, Per Wollmer, Lars E. Olsson

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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