Myopia and depressive symptoms among older Chinese adultsReport as inadecuate

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Few population-based data support the hypothesis that refractive errors are associated with depressive symptoms. We aim to assess the impact of myopia on the risk of having depressive symptoms in a community-based cohort of elderly Chinese.


A community-based cross-sectional study of 4611 Chinese adults aged 60 years or older was conducted. Depressive symptoms were measured using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire PHQ-9 depression scale in 4597 adults. Refraction was determined by auto-refraction followed by subjective refraction. Myopia was defined as spherical equivalent SE < -0.50 diopters D and high myopia as SE < -6.00 D.


After adjusting for age, gender, education, lifestyle-related exposures, presenting visual acuity and age-related cataract, myopic adults were more likely to have any depressive symptoms compared with non-myopic ones odds ratio = 1.39; 95% confidence interval 1.04, 1.92. There were no significant differences in the risk of having any depressive symptoms between those with and without high myopia. Myopia or high myopia was not associated with having moderate depressive symptoms. The impact of myopia on depressive symptoms was stronger in adults with no formal education compared with those with formal education.


Myopia was related with the presence of depressive symptoms among older adults.

Author: Yin Wu , Qinghua Ma , Hong-Peng Sun, Yong Xu, Mei-E Niu , Chen-Wei Pan



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