Genetic diversity and population structure of Chinese natural bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon L. Pers. germplasm based on SRAP markersReport as inadecuate




Genetic diversity and population structure of Chinese natural bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon L. Pers. germplasm based on SRAP markers - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon L. Pers., an important turfgrass used in public parks, home lawns, golf courses and sports fields, is widely distributed in China. In the present study, sequence-related amplified polymorphism SRAP markers were used to assess genetic diversity and population structure among 157 indigenous bermudagrass genotypes from 20 provinces in China. The application of 26 SRAP primer pairs produced 340 bands, of which 328 96.58% were polymorphic. The polymorphic information content PIC ranged from 0.36 to 0.49 with a mean of 0.44. Genetic distance coefficients among accessions ranged from 0.04 to 0.61, with an average of 0.32. The results of STRUCTURE analysis suggested that 157 bermudagrass accessions can be grouped into three subpopulations. Moreover, according to clustering based on the unweighted pair-group method of arithmetic averages UPGMA, accessions were divided into three major clusters. The UPGMA dendrogram revealed that accessions from identical or adjacent areas were generally, but not entirely, clustered into the same cluster. Comparison of the UPGMA dendrogram and the Bayesian STRUCTURE analysis showed general agreement between the population subdivisions and the genetic relationships among accessions. Principal coordinate analysis PCoA with SRAP markers revealed a similar grouping of accessions to the UPGMA dendrogram and STRUCTUE analysis. Analysis of molecular variance AMOVA indicated that 18% of total molecular variance was attributed to diversity among subpopulations, while 82% of variance was associated with differences within subpopulations. Our study represents the most comprehensive investigation of the genetic diversity and population structure of bermudagrass in China to date, and provides valuable information for the germplasm collection, genetic improvement, and systematic utilization of bermudagrass.



Author: Yiqi Zheng , Shaojun Xu, Jing Liu, Yan Zhao, Jianxiu Liu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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