Preliminary evaluation of a school-based resilience-promoting intervention in a high-risk population: Application of an exploratory two-cohort treatment-control designReport as inadecuate




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Applying innovative methodology, we explored the efficacy of SPARK Resilience Programme––a new universal school-based resilience-promoting programme––regarding effects on depression symptoms and resilience in a high risk population in England. Quantitative and qualitative methods were combined in an exploratory two cohort treatment-control design with one cohort serving as the control group single assessment and a subsequent cohort as the treatment group assessed before and immediately after treatment as well as 6 and 12 months after treatment ended, involving a total of 438 11–13 year old girls, According to analyses, depression symptoms were significantly lower directly after treatment and at 6 months but no longer at 12 months. Resilience scores, on the other hand, were significantly higher in the treatment cohort compared to the year-ahead control cohort at post-treatment and both follow-up assessments. Qualitative results demonstrated beneficial teacher experience overall. The current study provides first evidence for the efficacy of SPARK Resilience Programme. Furthermore, the applied two cohort treatment-control mixed methods design proved helpful for the preliminary testing of a school-based universal intervention programme efficacy in an authentic setting.



Author: Michael Pluess , Ilona Boniwell, Kate Hefferon, Aneta Tunariu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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