Vesicular glutamate transporters play a role in neuronal differentiation of cultured SVZ-derived neural precursor cellsReport as inadecuate




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The role of glutamate in the regulation of neurogenesis is well-established, but the role of vesicular glutamate transporters VGLUTs and excitatory amino acid transporters EAATs in controlling adult neurogenesis is unknown. Here we investigated the implication of VGLUTs in the differentiation of subventricular zone SVZ-derived neural precursor cells NPCs. Our results show that NPCs express VGLUT1-3 and EAAT1-3 both at the mRNA and protein level. Their expression increases during differentiation closely associated with the expression of marker genes. In expression analyses we show that VGLUT1 and VGLUT2 are preferentially expressed by cultured SVZ-derived doublecortin+ neuroblasts, while VGLUT3 is found on GFAP+ glial cells. In cultured NPCs, inhibition of VGLUT by Evans Blue increased the mRNA level of neuronal markers doublecortin, B3T and MAP2, elevated the number of NPCs expressing doublecortin protein and promoted the number of cells with morphological appearance of branched neurons, suggesting that VGLUT function prevents neuronal differentiation of NPCs. This survival- and differentiation-promoting effect of Evans blue was corroborated by increased AKT phosphorylation and reduced MAPK phosphorylation. Thus, under physiological conditions, VGLUT1-3 inhibition, and thus decreased glutamate exocytosis, may promote neuronal differentiation of NPCs.



Author: Eduardo H. Sánchez-Mendoza, Victor Bellver-Landete, Carmen Arce, Thorsten R. Doeppner, Dirk M. Hermann, María Jesús Oset-Gasqu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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