P2Y6 receptors are involved in mediating the effect of inactivated avian influenza virus H5N1 on IL-6 and CXCL8 mRNA expression in respiratory epitheliumReportar como inadecuado




P2Y6 receptors are involved in mediating the effect of inactivated avian influenza virus H5N1 on IL-6 and CXCL8 mRNA expression in respiratory epithelium - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

One of the key pathophysiologies of H5N1 infection is excessive proinflammatory cytokine response cytokine storm characterized by increases in IFN-β, TNF-α, IL-6, CXCL10, CCL4, CCL2 and CCL5 in the respiratory tract. H5N1-induced cytokine release can occur via an infection-independent mechanism, however, detail of the cellular signaling involved is poorly understood. To elucidate this mechanism, the effect of inactivated β-propiolactone-treated H5N1 on the cytokine and chemokine mRNA expression in 16HBE14o- human respiratory epithelial cells was investigated. We found that the inactivated-H5N1 increased mRNA for IL-6 and CXCL8 but not TNF-α, CCL5 or CXCL10. This effect of the inactivated-H5N1 was inhibited by sialic acid receptor inhibitor α-2,3 sialidase, adenosine diphosphatase apyrase, P2Y receptor P2YR inhibitor suramin, P2Y6R antagonist MRS2578, phospholipase C inhibitor U73122, protein kinase C inhibitors BIM and Gö6976 and cell-permeant Ca2+ chelator BAPTA-AM. Inhibitors of MAPK signaling, including of ERK1-2 PD98059, p38 MAPK SB203580 and JNK SP600125 significantly suppressed the inactivated-H5N1-induced mRNA expression of CXCL8. On the other hand, the inactivated-H5N1-induced mRNA expression of IL-6 was inhibited by SB203580, but not PD98059 or SP600125, whereas SN-50, an inhibitor of NF-κB, inhibited the effect of virus on mRNA expression of both of IL-6 and CXCL8. Taken together, our data suggest that, without infection, inactivated-H5N1 induces mRNA expression of IL-6 and CXCL8 by a mechanism, or mechanisms, requiring interaction between viral hemagglutinin and α-2,3 sialic acid receptors at the cell membrane of host cells, and involves activation of P2Y6 purinergic receptors.



Autor: Nawiya Huipao, Suparerk Borwornpinyo, Suwimon Wiboon-ut, Craig R. Campbell, Il-Ha Lee, Siriphun Hiranyachattada, Chonlaphat Sukas

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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