Genome-wide association studies identified multiple genetic loci for body size at four growth stages in Chinese Holstein cattleReportar como inadecuado




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The growth and maturity of cattle body size affect not only feed efficiency, but also productivity and longevity. Dissecting the genetic architecture of body size is critical for cattle breeding to improve both efficiency and productivity. The volume and weight of body size are indicated by several measurements. Among them, Heart Girth HG and Hip Height HH are the most important traits. They are widely used as predictors of body weight BW. Few association studies have been conducted for HG and HH in cattle focusing on single growth stage. In this study, we extended the Genome-wide association studies to a full spectrum of four growth stages 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-months after birth in Chinese Holstein heifers. The whole genomic single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs were obtained from the Illumina BovineSNP50 v2 BeadChip genotyped on 3,325 individuals. Estimated breeding values EBVs were derived for both HG and HH at the four different ages and analyzed separately for GWAS by using the Fixed and random model Circuitous Probability Unification FarmCPU method. In total, 27 SNPs were identified to be significantly associated with HG and HH at different growth stages. We found 66 candidate genes located nearby the associated SNPs, including nine genes that were known as highly related to development and skeletal and muscular growth. In addition, biological function analysis was performed by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis and an interaction network related to development was obtained, which contained 16 genes out of the 66 candidates. The set of putative genes provided valuable resources and can help elucidate the genomic architecture and mechanisms underlying growth traits in dairy cattle.



Autor: Xu Zhang, Qin Chu, Gang Guo, Ganghui Dong, Xizhi Li, Qin Zhang, Shengli Zhang, Zhiwu Zhang , Yachun Wang

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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