Evaluation of the relative efficacy of a couple cognitive-behaviour therapy CBT for Premenstrual Disorders PMDs, in comparison to one-to-one CBT and a wait list control: A randomized controlled trialReportar como inadecuado




Evaluation of the relative efficacy of a couple cognitive-behaviour therapy CBT for Premenstrual Disorders PMDs, in comparison to one-to-one CBT and a wait list control: A randomized controlled trial - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Design

A randomised control trial RCT was conducted to examine the efficacy of couple-based cognitive behaviour therapy CBT for Premenstrual Disorders PMDs, in comparison to one-to-one CBT and a wait-list control.

Methods

Triangulation of quantitative and qualitative outcome measures evaluated changes pre-post intervention. Eighty three women were randomly allocated across three conditions, with 63 completing post-intervention measures, a retention rate of 76%.

Results

Repeated measures analysis of variance found a significant time by group interaction identifying that women in the two CBT conditions reported lower total premenstrual symptoms, emotional reactivity-mood, and premenstrual distress, in comparison to the wait list control. Significantly higher active behavioural coping post-intervention was found in the couple condition than in the one-to-one and wait list control groups. Qualitative analysis provided insight into the subjective experience of PMDs and participation in the intervention study. Across groups, women reported increased awareness and understanding of premenstrual change post-intervention. A larger proportion of women in the CBT conditions reported reduction in intensity and frequency of negative premenstrual emotional reactivity, increased communication and help-seeking, increased understanding and acceptance of embodied change, and the development of coping skills, post-intervention. Increased partner understanding and improved relationship post-intervention was reported by a greater proportion of participants in the CBT conditions, most markedly in the couple condition.

Conclusion

These findings suggest that one-to-one and couple CBT interventions can significantly reduce women’s premenstrual symptomatology and distress, and improve premenstrual coping. Couple based CBT interventions may have a greater positive impact upon behavioural coping and perceptions of relationship context and support. This suggests that CBT should be available for women reporting moderate-severe PMDs, with couple-based CBT offering additional benefits to a one-to-one modality.



Autor: Jane M. Ussher , Janette Perz

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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