Preliminary Evaluation of a Nuclear Scenario Involving Innovative Gas Cooled ReactorsReport as inadecuate

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Science and Technology of Nuclear InstallationsVolume 2009 2009, Article ID 940286, 16 pages

Research Article

Department of Mechanical, Nuclear and Production Engineering DIMNP, University of Pisa, CIRTEN, Largo L. Lazzarino No. 2, 56126 Pisa, Italy

Energy and Environmental Conditioning Department DIPTEM, University of Genova, Via all'Opera Pia n. 15-a, 16145 Genova, Italy

Accident Analysis Division FWSS, Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf FZD, P.O. Box 51 01 19, 01314 Dresden, Germany

Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies IKET, Karlsruhe Institute for Tecnology KIT, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein, Leopoldshafen, Germany

Department of Nuclear Engineering, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel

Received 31 March 2009; Accepted 1 September 2009

Academic Editor: Jim Kuijper

Copyright © 2009 Barbara Vezzoni et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In order to guarantee a sustainable supply of future energy demandwithout compromising the environment, some actions for asubstantial reduction of emissions are nowadays deeply analysed. One of them isthe improvement of the nuclear energy use. In this framework,innovative gas-cooled reactors both thermal and fast seem to bevery attractive from the electricity production point of view andfor the potential industrial use along the high temperatureprocesses e.g., production by steam reforming or I-S process. Thiswork focuses on a preliminary and conservative evaluation ofpossible advantages that a symbiotic cycle EPR-PBMR-GCFR couldentail, with special regard to the reduction of the HLW inventoryand the optimization of the exploitation of the fuel resources. The comparison between the symbiotic cycle chosen and thereference one once-through scenario, i.e., EPR-SNF directlydisposed shows a reduction of the time needed to reach a fixedreference level from 170000 years to 1550 yearscomparable with typical human times and for this reason moreacceptable by the public opinion. In addition, this cycle enablesto have a more efficient use of resources involved: the totalelectric energy produced becomes equal to 630 TWh-yearinstead of only 530 TWh-yearusing only EPR without consuming additional raw materials.

Author: Barbara Vezzoni, Nicola Cerullo, Giuseppe Forasassi, Emil Fridman, Guglielmo Lomonaco, Vincenzo Romanello, and Eugene Shwage



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