Usefulness of multiplex PCR methods and respiratory viruses’ distribution in children below 15 years old according to age, seasons and clinical units in France: A 3 years retrospective studyReportar como inadecuado




Usefulness of multiplex PCR methods and respiratory viruses’ distribution in children below 15 years old according to age, seasons and clinical units in France: A 3 years retrospective study - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Background

To date, only influenza and RSV testing are recommended for respiratory viruses’ detection in paediatric units. In this study, we described, according to seasons, ages and clinical units, the results obtained in children <15 years old by multiplex-PCR mPCR tests allowing a quick and wide range detection of all respiratory viruses. These results were also compared with RSV specific detection.

Methods

All nasopharyngeal mPCR and RSV tests requested by clinicians in our French teaching hospitals group between 2011 and 2014 were retrospectively included. All repeated samples for the same children in the same month were discarded.

Results

Of the 381 mPCR tests 344 children performed, 51.4% were positive. Positivity and viral co-infection rates were higher in the 6–36 months old strata 81% and 25%, p<0.0001 and p = 0.04, respectively. Viral distribution showed strong variations across ages. During specific influenza epidemic periods, only 1-39 2.5% mPCR tests were positive for influenza and 19-39 48.7% for other viruses. During specific RSV epidemic periods, only 8-46 17.4% mPCR tests were positive for RSV and 14-46 30.4% for other viruses. 477-1529 31.2% of RSV immunochromatography-tests were positive. Among the negatives immunochromatography-test also explored by mPCR, 28-62 31% were positive for other respiratory viruses.

Conclusion

This study provides a wide description of respiratory viruses’ distribution among children in hospital settings using mPCR over 3 years. It emphasizes the number of undiagnosed respiratory viruses according to the current diagnosis practice in France and gives a better picture of respiratory viruses identified in hospital settings by mPCR all over the year in France.



Autor: Benoit Visseaux , Gilles Collin, Houria Ichou, Charlotte Charpentier, Samia Bendhafer, Madalina Dumitrescu, Lahcene Allal, Bogdan

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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