Is there an omission effect in prosocial behavior A laboratory experiment on passive vs. active generosityReport as inadecuate




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We investigate whether individuals are more prone to act selfishly if they can passively allow for an outcome to be implemented omission rather than having to make an active choice commission. In most settings, active and passive choice alternatives differ in terms of factors such as the presence of a suggested option, costs of taking an action, and awareness. We isolate the omission effect from confounding factors in three experiments, and find no evidence that the distinction between active and passive choices has an independent effect on the propensity to implement selfish outcomes. This suggests that increased selfishness through omission, as observed in various economic choice situations, is driven by other factors than a preference for selfish omissions.



Author: Manja Gärtner, Anna Sandberg

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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