Detection and partial discrimination of atypical and classical bovine spongiform encephalopathies in cattle and primates using real-time quaking-induced conversion assayReport as inadecuate




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The transmission of classical bovine spongiform encephalopathy C-BSE through contaminated meat product consumption is responsible for variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease vCJD in humans. More recent and atypical forms of BSE L-BSE and H-BSE have been identified in cattle since the C-BSE epidemic. Their low incidence and advanced age of onset are compatible with a sporadic origin, as are most cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease CJD in humans. Transmissions studies in primates and transgenic mice expressing a human prion protein PrP indicated that atypical forms of BSE may be associated with a higher zoonotic potential than classical BSE, and require particular attention for public health. Recently, methods designed to amplify misfolded forms of PrP have emerged as promising tools to detect prion strains and to study their diversity. Here, we validated real-time quaking-induced conversion assay for the discrimination of atypical and classical BSE strains using a large series of bovine samples encompassing all the atypical BSE cases detected by the French Centre of Reference during 10 years of exhaustive active surveillance. We obtained a 100% sensitivity and specificity for atypical BSE detection. In addition, the assay was able to discriminate atypical and classical BSE in non-human primates, and also sporadic CJD and vCJD in humans. The RT-QuIC assay appears as a practical means for a reliable detection of atypical BSE strains in a homologous or heterologous PrP context.



Author: Etienne Levavasseur, Anne-Gaëlle Biacabe, Emmanuel Comoy, Audrey Culeux, Katarina Grznarova, Nicolas Privat, Steve Simoneau, Ben

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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