Wheat straw biochar-supported nanoscale zerovalent iron for removal of trichloroethylene from groundwaterReport as inadecuate




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This study synthesized the wheat straw biochar-supported nanoscale zerovalent iron BC-nZVI via in-situ reduction with NaBH4 and biochar pyrolyzed at 600°C. Wheat straw biochar, as a carrier, significantly enhanced the removal of trichloroethylene TCE by nZVI. The pseudo-first-order rate constant of TCE removal by BC-nZVI 1.079 h−1 within 260 min was 1.4 times higher and 539.5 times higher than that of biochar and nZVI, respectively. TCE was 79% dechlorinated by BC-nZVI within 15 h, but only 11% dechlorinated by unsupported nZVI, and no TCE dechlorination occurred with unmodified biochar. Weakly acidic solution pH 5.7–6.8 significantly enhanced the dechlorination of TCE. Chloride enhanced the removal of TCE, while SO42−, HCO3− and NO3− all inhibited it. Humic acid HA inhibited BC-nZVI reactivity, but the inhibition decreased slightly as the concentration of HA increased from 40 mg∙L-1 to 80 mg∙L-1, which was due to the electron shutting by HA aggregates. Results suggest that BC-nZVI was promising for remediation of TCE contaminated groundwater.



Author: Hui Li, Ya Qin Chen, Shuai Chen, Xiao Li Wang , Shu Guo, Yue Feng Qiu, Yong Di Liu, Xiao Li Duan, Yun Jiang Yu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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