The effect of anti-angiogenic agents on overall survival in metastatic oesophago-gastric cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysisReport as inadecuate




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Background

Studies of anti-angiogenic agents AAs, combined with chemotherapy chemo or as monotherapy in metastatic oesophago-gastric cancer mOGC, have reported mixed outcomes. We undertook systematic review and meta-analysis to determine their overall benefits and harms.

Methods

Randomized controlled trials in mOGC were sought investigating the addition of AAs to standard therapy best supportive care or chemo. The primary endpoint was overall survival OS with secondary endpoints progression-free survival PFS, overall response rate ORR and toxicity. Estimates of treatment effect from individual trials were combined using standard techniques. Subgroup analyses were performed by line of therapy, region, age, performance status, histological type, number of metastatic sites, primary site, mechanism of action and HER2 status.

Results

Fifteen trials evaluating 3502 patients were included in quantitative analysis. The addition of AAs was associated with improved OS: HR 0·81 95% CI 0·75–0·88, p<0·00001 and improved PFS: HR 0·68 95% CI 0·63–0·74, p<0·00001. Subgroup analyses favoured greater benefit for OS in 2nd-3rd line settings HR 0·74 compared to 1st-line settings HR 0·91 X2 = 6·00, p = 0·01. OS benefit was seen across all regions—Asia HR 0·83 and rest of world HR 0·75—without significant subgroup interaction. Results from 8 trials evaluating 2602 patients were pooled for toxicity > = Grade 3: with OR 1·39 95% CI 1·17–1·65.

Conclusions

The addition of AAs to standard therapy in mOGC improves OS. Improved efficacy was only observed in 2nd- or 3rd-line setting and not in 1st-line setting. Consistent OS benefit was present across all geographical regions. This benefit is at the expense of increased overall toxicity.



Author: David L. Chan, Katrin M. Sjoquist, David Goldstein, Timothy J. Price, Andrew J. Martin, Yung-Jue Bang, Yoon-Koo Kang, Nick Pavlak

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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