Bumetanide increases Cl-dependent short-circuit current in late distal colon: Evidence for the presence of active electrogenic Cl- absorptionReportar como inadecuado




Bumetanide increases Cl-dependent short-circuit current in late distal colon: Evidence for the presence of active electrogenic Cl- absorption - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Mammalian colonic epithelia consist of cells that are capable of both absorbing and secreting Cl-. The present studies employing Ussing chamber technique identified two opposing short-circuit current Isc responses to basolateral bumetanide in rat distal colon. Apart from the transepithelial Cl-secretory Isc in early distal colon that was inhibited by bumetanide, bumetanide also stimulated Isc in late distal colon that had not previously been identified. Since bumetanide inhibits basolateral Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter NKCC in crypt cells and basolateral K+-Cl- cotransporter KCC in surface epithelium, we proposed this stimulatory Isc could represent a KCC-mediated Cl- absorptive current. In support of this hypothesis, ion substitution experiments established Cl- dependency of this absorptive Isc and transport inhibitor studies demonstrated the involvement of an apical Cl- conductance. Current distribution and RNA sequencing analyses revealed that this Cl- absorptive Isc is closely associated with epithelial Na+ channel ENaC but is not dependent on ENaC activity. Thus, inhibition of ENaC by 10 μM amiloride or benzamil neither altered the direction nor its activity. Physiological studies suggested that this Cl- absorptive Isc senses dietary Cl- content; thus when dietary Cl- was low, Cl- absorptive Isc was up-regulated. In contrast, when dietary Cl- was increased, Cl- absorptive Isc was down-regulated. We conclude that an active Cl- extrusion mechanism exists in ENaC-expressing late distal colon and likely operates in parallel with ENaC to facilitate NaCl absorption.



Autor: Lieqi Tang, Xiefan Fang, Steven P. Winesett, Catherine Y. Cheng, Henry J. Binder, Scott A. Rivkees, Sam X. Cheng

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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