Predictive Value of Stemness Factor Sox2 in Gastric Cancer Is Associated with Tumor Location and StageReportar como inadecuado

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Cancer stem cells CSCs are thought to be the -root- of cancer. Although stemness-related factors ALDH1A1 and Sox2 have been used as markers to identify gastric CSCs, the expression pattern and significance of these factors in gastric cancer have not been sufficiently demonstrated. In this study, the expressions of ALDH1A1 and Sox2 were detected by immunohistochemistry in 122 gastric cancer specimens. And the correlation between Sox2 or ALDH1A1 expression and clinicopathological parameters and overall survival data were analyzed. The positive rate of ALDH1A1 expression was 60%, but there was no significant difference between survival rates of ALDH1A1-positive and ALDH1A1-negative patients. Sox2 was expressed in 42% of specimens and was associated with poor prognosis of patients P = 0.015. Stratified analysis showed that Sox2 expression correlated with shorter lifespan only in patients with cardiac gastric cancers P = 0.002 or stage I or II gastric cancers P = 0.002; but not in patients with non-cardiac cancers P = 0.556 or stage III or IV gastric cancers P = 0.121. Analysis on a database cohort validated the correlation between Sox2 expression and poor prognosis in stage II cancer. Also, expression of Sox2 was associated with lymphnode metastasis in patients with cardiac gastric cancer P = 0.037. A multivariate analysis revealed that Sox2 was an independent prognostic factor in cardiac gastric cancer. Our results indicate that predictive value of Sox2 in gastric cancer is associated with cardiac cancer location and with early cancer stages I and II.

Autor: Lang Yang , Jun-Feng Xu , Qian Kang, Ai-Qin Li, Peng Jin, Xin Wang, Yu-Qi He, Na Li, Tao Cheng, Jian-Qiu Sheng



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