Joint Optimization of Distribution Network Design and Two-Echelon Inventory Control with Stochastic Demand and CO2 Emission Tax ChargesReportar como inadecuado




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This study develops an optimization model to integrate facility location and inventory control for a three-level distribution network consisting of a supplier, multiple distribution centers DCs, and multiple retailers. The integrated model addressed in this study simultaneously determines three types of decisions: 1 facility location optimal number, location, and size of DCs; 2 allocation assignment of suppliers to located DCs and retailers to located DCs, and corresponding optimal transport mode choices; and 3 inventory control decisions on order quantities, reorder points, and amount of safety stock at each retailer and opened DC. A mixed-integer programming model is presented, which considers the carbon emission taxes, multiple transport modes, stochastic demand, and replenishment lead time. The goal is to minimize the total cost, which covers the fixed costs of logistics facilities, inventory, transportation, and CO2 emission tax charges. The aforementioned optimal model was solved using commercial software LINGO 11. A numerical example is provided to illustrate the applications of the proposed model. The findings show that carbon emission taxes can significantly affect the supply chain structure, inventory level, and carbon emission reduction levels. The delay rate directly affects the replenishment decision of a retailer.



Autor: Shuangyan Li, Xialian Li, Dezhi Zhang , Lingyun Zhou

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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