Alterations in Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions by the Use of Meglumine Antimoniate in American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis PatientsReportar como inadecuado




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Introduction

Tegumentary Leishmaniasis TL is a neglected, non-contagious, infectious disease, caused by different protozoa species of the Leishmania genus that affects skin and mucous membranes. Meglumine Antimoniate MA, the first drug of choice for TL treatment in Brazil, has already been associated with cochlear toxicity, which is defined as damages of the cochlea caused by exposure to chemical substances, resulting in reversible or irreversible hearing loss. Auditory monitoring for cochlear toxicity aims at the early detection of auditory disorders, enabling, when possible, hearing to be preserved or an early auditory rehabilitation. Although otoacoustic emissions OAEs are used in this monitoring, there is no consensus on the criteria that define cochlear toxicity by this examination. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of the OAEs in cochlear toxicity monitoring in TL patients using MA.

Methods

Prospective and longitudinal study of auditory monitoring of 35 patients with parasitological diagnosis of TL, with liminal tonal audiometry, high frequency audiometry, immitanciometry, distortion product evoked otoacoustic emissions DPEOAEs and transient evoked otoacoustic emissions TEOAEs before treatment, at the end of treatment, one month after the end of treatment and two months after the end of treatment.

Results

80% male, with median age of 44 years IIQ: 22–59. In the pre-treatment evaluation: 11.4% complained of hearing loss and 20% of tinnitus, 48.6% presented auditory alterations in liminal tonal audiometry LTA, 65.2% in high frequency audiometry HFA, 26.6% in DPEOAE and 51.4% in TEOAE. No association was verified between genre and alterations in the EOAE examinations. We observed that patients that presented disorders in DPEOAE examinations were 17 years older than those without alterations and that patients that showed disorders in TEOAEO examinations were 34 years older than those without disorders. The presence of alterations in DPEOAE and TEOAE before beginning treatment was associated with each other and with the presence of alterations in LTA and HFA, and only DPEOAE was associated with hearing loss. We observed a significantly higher number of alterations of DPEOAE at the end of treatment than during pre-treatment and values of the ratio signal-noise significantly smaller at the end of treatment than during pre-treatment in the frequencies of 2 kHz difference of 1.7dB; p = 0.016 and 4 kHz difference of 2.45dB; p = 0.016 in DPEOAE and in the range 1.75-2.5 kHz in TEOAE difference of 2.9dB; p = 0.039.

Conclusion

The ototoxic signals observed in our study using EOAE indicated that both, DPEOAE and TEOAE are adequate and sensitive techniques for clinical monitoring of ototoxicity by MA. Their application is very simple, and their results help the physician to take the most adequate steps for each patient, thus avoiding permanent hearing damage.



Autor: Débora Cristina de Oliveira Bezerra, Renata Oliveira de Barcelos, Ellen Carvalho de Castro, Claudia Cristina Jardim Duarte, Raqu

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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