Detection of Placental Proteomes at Different Uterine Positions in Large White and Meishan Gilts on Gestational Day 90Reportar como inadecuado

Detection of Placental Proteomes at Different Uterine Positions in Large White and Meishan Gilts on Gestational Day 90 - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Within-litter uniformity in pigs is a major factor affecting piglet survival and growth performance. We know that Meishan MS gilts have higher piglet survival rate than Large White LW gilts because their foetal weight is less varied. To understand the molecular basis for placental nutritional transport during the late stages of gestation in LW and MS, we employed the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification iTRAQ method to investigate alterations in the placental proteomes of LW and MS gilts on gestational day 90. Investigation of foetal weight at different uterine positions revealed that the foetal and placental weights as well as the foetal concentration of glucose were significantly higher in LW gilts positioned towards the utero-tubal junction than in those positioned toward the cervix; however, no such differences were observed in MS gilts, and MS gilts had a greater uniformity in foetal weight on day 90 of gestation. Comparisons of the proteomes between placentas positioned toward the cervix and those positioned toward the utero-tubal junction identified 38 differentially expressed proteins in the two breeds. These proteins play a central role in nutrient transport and metabolism, as well as in transcriptional and translational regulation. Of particular interest is the finding that the placentas of LW gilts showed 14 differential expression of proteins mainly related to lipid transport and energy metabolism including solute carrier family 27, mitochondrial trifunctional protein, and NADH dehydrogenase ubiquinone flavoprotein 2, but only 2 proteins in MS gilts. In contrast, the differentially expressed proteins in MS gilts were primarily involved in transcriptional and translational regulation such as ribosome-sec61 and 40S ribosomal protein S23, with a few related to glucose and coenzyme transport and metabolism including glucose transport protein and ferrochelatase. Our results revealed that placental lipid and energy metabolism might play a crucial role in the regulation of foetal weight, based on uterine position in two distinct pig breeds. These findings provide a deeper understanding of placental efficiency that can be utilized to provide a new method to enhance the efficiency of livestock production.

Autor: Long Che , Mengmeng Xu , Zhenguo Yang , Shengyu Xu, Lianqiang Che, Yan Lin, Zhengfeng Fang, Bin Feng, Jian Li, Daiwen Chen, De Wu



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