A Cost-Effective Method to Assemble Biomimetic 3D Cell Culture PlatformsReportar como inadecuado




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Developing effective stem cell based therapies requires the design of complex in vitro culture systems for more accurate representation of the stem cell niche. Attempts to improve conventional cell culture platforms include the use of biomaterial coated culture plates, sphere culture, microfluidic systems and bioreactors. Most of these platforms are not cost-effective, require industrial technical expertise to fabricate, and remain too simplistic compared to the physiological cell niche. The human amniotic membrane hAM has been used successfully in clinical grafting applications due to its unique biological composition and regenerative properties. In this study, we present a combinatorial platform that integrates the hAM with biomolecular, topographic and mechanical cues in one versatile model.

Methods

We utilized the hAM to provide the biological and the three dimensional 3D topographic components of the prototype. The 3D nano-roughness of the hAM was characterized using surface electron microscopy and surface image analysis ImageJ and SurfaceJ. We developed additional macro-scale and micro-scale versions of the platform which provided additional shear stress factors to simulate the fluid dynamics of the in vivo extracellular fluids.

Results

Three models of varying complexities of the prototype were assembled. A well-defined 3D surface modulation of the hAM in comparable to commercial 3D biomaterial culture substrates was achieved without complex fabrication and with significantly lower cost. Performance of the prototype was demonstrated through culture of primary human umbilical cord mononuclear blood cells MNCs, human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell line hBMSC, and human breast cancer tissue.

Conclusion

This study presents methods of assembling an integrated, flexible and low cost biomimetic cell culture platform for diverse cell culture applications.



Autor: Sabreen Khalil, Nagwa El-Badri , Mohamed El-Mokhtaar, Saif Al-Mofty, Mohamed Farghaly, Radwa Ayman, Dina Habib, Noha Mousa

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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