Policies on Conflicts of Interest in Health Care Guideline Development: A Cross-Sectional AnalysisReportar como inadecuado




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Objective

To assess whether organisations that develop health care guidelines have conflict of interest COI policies and to review the content of the available COI policies.

Methods

Survey and content analysis of COI policies available in English, French, Spanish, and Italian conducted between September 2014 and June 2015. A 24-item data abstraction instrument was created on the basis of guideline development standards.

Results

The survey identified 29 organisations from 19 countries that met the inclusion criteria. From these organisations, 19 policies were eligible for inclusion in the content analysis. Over one-third of the policies 7-19, 37% did not report or did not clearly report whether disclosure was a prerequisite for membership of the guideline panel. Strategies for the prevention of COI such as divestment were mentioned by only two organisations. Only 21% of policies 4-19 used criteria to determine whether an interest constitutes a COI and to assess the severity of the risk imposed.

Conclusions

The finding that some organisations, in contradiction of widely available standards, still do not have COI policies publicly available is concerning. Also troubling were the findings that some policies did not clearly report critical steps in obtaining, managing and communicating disclosure of relationships of interest. This in addition to the variability encountered in content and accessibility of COI policies may cause confusion and distrust among guideline users. It is in the interest of guideline users and developers to design an agreed-upon, comprehensive, clear, and accessible COI policy.



Autor: Cristina Morciano , Vittorio Basevi, Carla Faralli, Michele Hilton Boon, Sabina Tonon, Domenica Taruscio

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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