Sanshool on The Fingertip Interferes with Vibration Detection in a Rapidly-Adapting RA Tactile ChannelReportar como inadecuado




Sanshool on The Fingertip Interferes with Vibration Detection in a Rapidly-Adapting RA Tactile Channel - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

An Asian spice, Szechuan pepper sanshool, is well known for the tingling sensation it induces on the mouth and on the lips. Electrophysiological studies have revealed that its active ingredient can induce firing of mechanoreceptor fibres that typically respond to mechanical vibration. Moreover, a human behavioral study has reported that the perceived frequency of sanshool-induced tingling matches with the preferred frequency range of the tactile rapidly adapting RA channel, suggesting the contribution of sanshool-induced RA channel firing to its unique perceptual experience. However, since the RA channel may not be the only channel activated by sanshool, there could be a possibility that the sanshool tingling percept may be caused in whole or in part by other sensory channels. Here, by using a perceptual interference paradigm, we show that the sanshool-induced RA input indeed contributes to the human tactile processing. The absolute detection thresholds for vibrotactile input were measured with and without sanshool application on the fingertip. Sanshool significantly impaired detection of vibrations at 30 Hz RA channel dominant frequency, but did not impair detection of higher frequency vibrations at 240 Hz Pacinian-corpuscle PC channel dominant frequency or lower frequency vibrations at 1 Hz slowly adapting 1 SA1 channel dominant frequency. These results show that the sanshool induces a peripheral RA channel activation that is relevant for tactile perception. This anomalous activation of RA channels may contribute to the unique tingling experience of sanshool.



Autor: Scinob Kuroki , Nobuhiro Hagura , Shin’ya Nishida, Patrick Haggard, Junji Watanabe

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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