Effect of Crude Plant Extracts on Mushroom Mite, Luciaphorus sp. Acari: PygmephoridaeReportar como inadecuado




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PsycheVolume 2012 2012, Article ID 150958, 5 pages

Research Article

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Technology, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham 44150, Thailand

Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand

Received 12 April 2012; Accepted 20 May 2012

Academic Editor: Kabkaew Sukontason

Copyright © 2012 Prapassorn Bussaman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The use of plant extracts for controlling agricultural pests has become increasingly popular in the recent years. Mushroom mite, Luciaphorus sp., is a destructive pest of several mushroom species and has been reported to cause severe loss of mushroom cultivation in many settings. The efficacies of 23 rhizome and leaf extracts were evaluated against female adults of Luciaphorus sp. At 3 days after treatment, the rhizome extracts derived from Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. and Zingiber montanum Koenig Link ex Dietr. were found to have very strong acaricidal activities, resulting in 100% mite mortality, followed by Curcuma longa Linn. 98.89%, Zingiber zerumbet L. Smith. 97.78%, Kaempferia parviflora Wall. Ex Baker 88.89%, and Zingiber officinale Roscoe. 84.44%. The leaf extracts of Ocimum sanctum Linn. and Melissa officinalis L. also resulted in 100% mite mortality 3 days after treatment, while the other leaf extracts induced mite mortality only below 70%. The results suggested that rhizome extracts of C. xanthorrhiza and Z. montanum and leaf extracts of O. sanctum and M. officinalis have a great potential for future development as natural acaricides for controlling Luciaphorus sp.





Autor: Prapassorn Bussaman, Chirayu Sa-uth, Paweena Rattanasena, and Angsumarn Chandrapatya

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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