Olfactory Dysfunction Is Associated with the Intake of Macronutrients in Korean AdultsReportar como inadecuado




Olfactory Dysfunction Is Associated with the Intake of Macronutrients in Korean Adults - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Background

Olfactory function can impact food selection. However, few large population-based studies have investigated this effect across different age groups. The objective of this study was to assess the association between subjective olfactory dysfunction anosmia or hyposmia and macronutrient intake.

Methods

A total of 24,990 participants aged 20 to 98 years were evaluated based on data collected through the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 through 2012. Olfactory dysfunction was surveyed using a self-reported questionnaire, and the nutritional status was assessed through a validated 24-hour recall method. Simple and multiple linear regression analyses with complex sampling were performed to evaluate the relationships between olfactory dysfunction and protein intake daily protein intake-recommended protein intake %, carbohydrate intake daily carbohydrate intake-total calories %, and fat intake daily fat intake-total calories % after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, income, smoking history, alcohol consumption, and stress level.

Results

Olfactory dysfunction was reported by 5.4% of Korean adults and was found to be associated with decreased fat consumption estimated value EV of fat intake % = -0.57, 95% confidence interval CI = -1.13 to -0.13, P = 0.045. A subgroup analysis according to age and sex revealed that among young females, olfactory dysfunction was associated with reduced fat consumption EV = -2.30, 95% CI = -4.16 to -0.43, P = 0.016 and increased carbohydrate intake EV = 2.80, 95% CI = 0.55 to 5.05, P = 0.015, and that among middle-aged females, olfactory dysfunction was also associated with reduced fat intake EV = -1.26, 95% CI = -2.37 to -0.16, P = 0.025. In contrast, among young males, olfactory dysfunction was associated with reduced protein intake EV = -26.41 95% CI = -45.14 to -7.69, P = 0.006.

Conclusion

Olfactory dysfunction was associated with reduced fat intake. Moreover, olfactory dysfunction exerted differential effects on eating behavior depending on age and sex.



Autor: Il Gyu Kong, So Young Kim, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados