The Intensity of Primary Care for Heart Failure Patients: A Determinant of Readmissions The CarPaths Study: A French Region-Wide AnalysisReportar como inadecuado




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Background

We aimed to classify patients with heart failure HF by the style of primary care they receive.

Methods and Results

We used the claim data SNIIRAM: Système National d’Information Inter-Régime de l’Assurance Maladie of patients living in a French region. We evaluated three concepts. First, baseline clinical status with age and Charlson index. Second, primary care practice style with mean delay between consultations, quantity of nursing care, and variability of diuretic dose. Third, clinical outcomes with death during follow-up, readmission for HF, and rate of unforeseen consultations. The baseline clinical status and the clinical outcomes were included to give an insight in the reasons for, and performance of, primary care practice style. Patients were classified using a hierarchical ascending classification based on principal components. A total of 2,751 patients were included in this study and were followed for a median of 22 months. The mean age was 78 y SD: 12; 484 18% died, and 818 30% were readmitted for HF. We found three different significant groups characterized by their need for care and the intensity of practice style: group 1 N = 734 was -low need-low intensity-; group 2 N = 1,060 was -high need-low intensity-; and group 3 N = 957 was -high need-high intensity-. Their readmission rates were 17%, 41% and 28%, respectively.

Conclusions

This study evaluated the link between primary care, clinical status and main clinical outcomes in HF patients. In higher need patients, a low-intensity practice style was associated with poorer clinical outcomes.



Autor: Claire M. Duflos , Kamila Solecki, Laurence Papinaud, Vera Georgescu, François Roubille, Gregoire Mercier

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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