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The Scientific World Journal - Volume 2014 2014, Article ID 898536, 16 pages -

Research ArticleDepartment of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 1 July 2014; Accepted 27 August 2014; Published 28 October 2014

Academic Editor: Fabrizio Scala

Copyright © 2014 Ramin Hosseini Kupaei et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents the experimental results of an on-going research project on geopolymer lightweight concrete using two locally available waste materials—low calcium fly ash FA and oil palm shell OPS—as the binder and lightweight coarse aggregate, respectively. OPS was pretreated with three different alkaline solutions of sodium hydroxide NaOH, potassium hydroxide, and sodium silicate as well as polyvinyl alcohol PVA for 30 days; afterwards, oil palm shell geopolymer lightweight concrete OPSGPC was cast by using both pretreated and untreated OPSs. The effect of these solutions on the water absorption of OPS, and the development of compressive strength in different curing conditions of OPSGPC produced by pretreated OPS were investigated; subsequently the influence of NaOH concentration, alkaline solution to FA ratio A-FA, and different curing regimes on the compressive strength and density of OPSGPC produced by untreated OPS was inspected. The 24-hour water absorption value for OPS pretreated with 20% and 50% PVA solution was about 4% compared to 23% for untreated OPS. OPSGPC produced from OPS treated with 50% PVA solution produced the highest compressive strength of about 30 MPa in ambient cured condition. The pretreatment with alkaline solution did not have a significant positive effect on the water absorption of OPS aggregate and the compressive strength of OPSGPC. The result revealed that a maximum compressive strength of 32 MPa could be obtained at a temperature of 65°C and curing period of 4 days. This investigation also found that an A-FA ratio of 0.45 has the optimum amount of alkaline liquid and it resulted in the highest level of compressive strength.

Autor: Ramin Hosseini Kupaei, U. Johnson Alengaram, and Mohd Zamin Jumaat



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