The Early Shorebird Will Catch Fewer Invertebrates on Trampled Sandy BeachesReportar como inadecuado

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Many species of birds breeding on ocean beaches and in coastal dunes are of global conservation concern. Most of these species rely on invertebrates e.g. insects, small crustaceans as an irreplaceable food source, foraging primarily around the strandline on the upper beach near the dunes. Sandy beaches are also prime sites for human recreation, which impacts these food resources via negative trampling effects. We quantified acute trampling impacts on assemblages of upper shore invertebrates in a controlled experiment over a range of foot traffic intensities up to 56 steps per square metre on a temperate beach in Victoria, Australia. Trampling significantly altered assemblage structure species composition and density and was correlated with significant declines in invertebrate abundance and species richness. Trampling effects were strongest for rare species. In heavily trafficked plots the abundance of sand hoppers Amphipoda, a principal prey item of threatened Hooded Plovers breeding on this beach, was halved. In contrast to the consistently strong effects of trampling, natural habitat attributes e.g. sediment grain size, compactness were much less influential predictors. If acute suppression of invertebrates caused by trampling, as demonstrated here, is more widespread on beaches it may constitute a significant threat to endangered vertebrates reliant on these invertebrates. This calls for a re-thinking of conservation actions by considering active management of food resources, possibly through enhancement of wrack or direct augmentation of prey items to breeding territories.

Autor: Thomas A. Schlacher , Lucy K. Carracher, Nicholas Porch, Rod M. Connolly, Andrew D. Olds, Ben L. Gilby, Kasun B. Ekanayake, Brook



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