Maternal Deprivation Influences Pup Ultrasonic Vocalizations of C57BL-6J MiceReport as inadecuate

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Maternal deprivation MD is frequently used as an early life stress model in rodents to investigate behavioral and neurological responses under stressful conditions. However, the effect of MD on the early postnatal development of rodents, which is when multiple neural systems become established, is rarely investigated due to methodological limitations. Ultrasonic vocalizations USVs are one of the few responses produced by neonatal rodents that can be quantitatively analyzed, and the quantification of USVs is regarded as a novel approach to investigate possible alterations in the neurobehavioral and emotional development of infant rodents under stress. To investigate the effect of MD on pup mice, we subjected C57BL-6J mice to MD and recorded the USVs of pups on postnatal days 1, 3, 7, 8, and 14. To determine whether the effect of MD on USVs was acute or cumulative, pre- and post-separation USV groups were included; sex differences in pup USV emission were also investigated. Our results suggest that i USV activity was high on postnatal days 3–8; ii the MD effect on USVs was acute, and a cumulative effect was not found; iii the MD mice vocalized more and longer than the controls at a lower frequency, and the effect was closely related to age; and iv female pups were more susceptible than males to the effect of MD on USV number and duration between postnatal days 3–8.

Author: Xiaowen Yin, Ling Chen, Yong Xia , Qunkang Cheng , Jiabei Yuan , Yan Yang, Zhaoxin Wang, Haojie Wang, Jianshu Dong, Yuqiang Ding



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