Pedagogical Merit Review of Animal Use for Education in CanadaReportar como inadecuado

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There are two components to the review of animal based protocols in Canada: review for the merit of the study itself, and review of the ethical acceptability of the work. Despite the perceived importance for the quality assurance these reviews provide; there are few studies of the peer-based merit review system for animal-based protocols for research and education. Institutional animal care committees ACCs generally rely on the external peer review of scientific merit for animal-based research. In contrast, peer review for animal based teaching-training is dependent on the review of pedagogical merit carried out by the ACC itself or another committee within the institution. The objective of this study was to evaluate the views of ACC members about current practices and policies as well as alternate policies for the review of animal based teaching-training. We conducted a national web-based survey of ACC members with both quantitative and qualitative response options. Responses from 167 ACC members indicated broad concerns about administrative burden despite strong support for both the current and alternate policies. Participants’ comments focused mostly on the merit review process 54% relative to the efficiency 21%, impact 13%, and other 12% aspects of evaluation. Approximately half 49% of the comments were classified into emergent themes that focused on some type of burden: burden from additional pedagogical merit review 16%, a limited need for the review 12%, and a lack of resources expertise 11%; people-money 10%. Participants indicated that the current system for pedagogical merit review is effective 60%; but most also indicated that there was at least some challenge 86% with the current peer review process. There was broad support for additional guidance on the justification, criteria, types of animal use, and objectives of pedagogical merit review. Participants also supported the ethical review and application of the Three Rs in the review process. A clear priority from participants in the survey was updating guidance to better facilitate the merit review process of animal-based protocols for education. Balancing the need for improved guidance with the reality of limited resources at local institutions will be essential to do this successfully; a familiar dilemma to both scientists and policy makers alike.

Autor: Marc T. Avey , Gilly Griffin



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